Up close and personal with Demodex!!...aka....Mange.

Demodex are parasitic mites that cause a skin condition called demodicosis. These microscopic monsters can live in your dog’s hair follicles and oil glands.

While all dogs have a small population of these little pests (disgusting, I know), those who are sick or have a compromised immune system can’t suppress the mites from spreading, and so an infestation can occur. This sometimes occurs in dogs without an obvious underlying problem.

Demodicosis can be localized or generalized. Localized demodicosis infections usually occur early in life, typically in puppies between 3 and 6 months of age. This form of of the disease is usually mild and responds well to treatment. Many cases resolve spontaneously with little or no treatment, though in some dogs it progresses to the generalized form. Generalized demodicosis can also occur in older dogs and is then often secondary to an underlying disease that is suppressing the dog's immune system. Generalized demodicosis is more difficult to treat and carries a more guarded prognosis.

With localized demodicosis, symptoms are usually mild and affect a dog’s face, trunk, or legs. You will notice thinning hair, scaly skin, and the skin itself will appear reddish-brown and look very itchy. With generalized demodicosis, skin lesions are more widespread and may involve the entire body. Your dog may look scruffy and show signs of hair loss as well as discoloration of the skin. She may also be lethargic and have a poor appetite.

Dog OutsideIn order to diagnose your dog with demodicosis, your veterinarian will take skin scrapings of the affected areas and may recommend other tests specific to your dog’s symptoms and the severity of the infestation.

The treatment for demodicosis will vary depending on whether the infection is localized or generalized. Localized demodicosis often requires no treatment other than careful observation. As stated above, the good news is that, most often, localized infestations resolve themselves without treatment! Generalized demodicosis is treated with oral or topical medication depending on the individual case. In some situations, additional medications are prescribed, such as antibiotics if a secondary bacterial infection has occurred. Regularly scheduled recheck examinations and skin scrapings are needed to monitor response to therapy.

For more information about the treatment of demodicosis, visit www.capcvet.org/recommendations/demodex.html.

Maintaining your pooch’s health is the best way to prevent her from contracting demodicosis. A healthy environment, good diet, and regular veterinary checkups will help your dog be in the best possible health! The good news about demodicosis is that it is NOT contagious to other dogs, cats, or humans

Coastland Veterinary Hospital shared their photo. ...

Jean's Day in support of Children's Hospital. Great job ladies! 💗

Jean's Day in support of Children's Hospital. Great job ladies! 💗 ...

Tuesday May 17th


We are closed from Noon to 1:30 pm for our Staff Meeting



If you have an emergency during this time,

please call 250-926-0006 and follow the prompts.  

We will get back to you as quickly as we can.

Your friends at Coastland






-SATURDAY MAY 21st: 8:30 AM TO 3 PM







Appropriate Exercise in Puppies

Dr. Victoria Van Wyk

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There are few things that are as adorable as a puppy. They come in to our lives usually

when they are 8 or 10 weeks of age as little bundles of energy. Some seem to sleep a lot

the first 2 or 3 weeks after they have come in to our homes but then become energetic.

Many of you have heard the saying “a good dog is a tired dog”. Puppies like to chew and

can be destructive if left with free rein in our homes. Crate training your puppy can

keep the puppy and your home safe.

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But puppies need exercise and mental stimulation.  Mental stimulation can be achieved by putting their kibble in a kong wobbler toy so they have to push it around for the kibble to come out. They can have kongs stuffed with canned food. They require training for manners such as leash walking, housetraining (bathroom training), coming when called and for tricks like shake a paw, sit, down and so on.


Socializing them to different people (men with beards, kids, people in uniforms) and different places is a definite must. All of these things can help with mentally stimulating the puppy which can help to tire them out. But what about physical exercise?  How much exercise is too much? What is the appropriate amount of exercise for a puppy? Why are these questions important?

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Puppies have growth plates in their bones. These are areas of growing bone near the

ends of the long bones. Each long bone has at least two growth plates: at least one at

each end. The long bones grow from these areas. The larger the breed the longer the

bone will grow and the longer the growth plate stays “open”. By open we mean that they

continue to grow. Once the puppy has finished growing the growth plates “close” and

the growing and lengthening of the bone stops. The growth plates of the tibia near the

knee (stifle) in a toy breed close at about 10 months of age and in a large breed dog they

close at 14 months of age.

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In a growing dog an injury to the growth plate can result in abnormal bone growth,

bowing or bending of the bone, damage to a joint, and causes pain. Blunt trauma such as

a fall or blow to a limb can damage the growth plates and chronic injuries such as

overuse can do the same.


These general exercise guidelines should therefore be followed carefully.


Exercise guidelines for puppies:

Puppies less than 6 months of age:


– all the playing they want but no body-slamming games

– non-impact training is good: sit, stay, come

– moderate free exercise such as short walks or short hikes in the woods

– for agility dogs, no jumping above wrist height

– no long swimming sessions, no jogging

– none of the activities that are allowed in the next age groups


Puppies 6 to 14 months of age:


– all the playing they want but no body-slamming games

– increasing period of free exercise such as walking and hiking

– tugging in moderation

– retrieving on land and in water in moderation

– for agility dogs, gradually increasing maximum jump height from wrist height to

no higher than elbow height

– none of the activities that are allowed in the next age group


Puppies older than 14 months of age:


– daily free exercise

– gradually start with three 20 minute jogs per week

– for agility dogs, gradually increase jumping height above elbow height to full

competition height

– serious endurance training (long swims, several kilometre jogs) should not start

until after 2 years of age